Cifre romane – Cum se scrie cu cifre romane și ce reprezintă fiecare cifră

Cifre romane se folosesc încă din antichitate și continuă să fie utilizate frecvent și în zilele noastre în multe cazuri. Cifrele romane sunt, de fapt, simboluri reprezentante de litere, fiecărei litere fiindu-i atribuită o anumită valoare. 

Deși poate părea complicat de scris cu cifre romane, odată învățate simbolurile de bază și care este principiul de scriere cu cifre romane, totul devine logic și, deci, mult mai simplu. Desigur, pentru a-i învăța pe copii cifrele romane, este bine să încercăm jocuri și activități captivante, pentru ca totul să devină mai atractiv.

Ce semnificație are fiecare simbol

  • I 1 unus
  • V 5 quinque
  • X 10 decem
  • L 50 quinquaginta
  • C 100 centum
  • D 500 quingenti
  • M 1000 mille
Cifre romane

Cifre romane

Cum se citesc și cum se scriu cifrele romane

Numărul scris din cifre romane se citește de la stânga la dreapta. Numărul reprezintă suma valorilor individuale a fiecărui simbol. Excepția se face în cazul în care unul dintre simbolurile precedente este un simbol de valoare superioară. Atunci, se va scădea valoarea primului simbol din valoarea ultimului simbol.

Cifre romane

Cifre romane

Cifre romane de la 1 la 1000

Simbolurile I, X, C pot fi consecutive de maximum trei ori, iar V, L, D doar o singură dată. Așadar numărul 4 este IV și nu IIII. Atenție! Numărul V nu se scade niciodată. Așadar pentru a scrie 45 corect este XLV și nu VL. Iată cum se scriu cifrele romane de la 1 la 1000.

Cifre romane de la 1 la 100

I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, XXVI, XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX, XXX, XXXI, XXXII, XXXIII, XXXIV, XXXV, XXXVI, XXXVII, XXXVIII, XXXIX, XL, XLI, XLII, XLIII, XLIV, XLV, XLVI, XLVII, XLVIII, XLIX, L, LI, LII, LIII, LIV, LV, LVI, LVII, LVIII, LIX, LX, LXI, LXII, LXIII, LXIV, LXV, LXVI, LXVII, LXVIII, LXIX, LXX, LXXI, LXXII, LXXIII, LXXIV, LXXV, LXXVI, LXXVII, LXXVIII, LXXIX, LXXX, LXXXI, LXXXII, LXXXIII, LXXXIV, LXXXV, LXXXVI, LXXXVII, LXXXVIII, LXXXIX, XC, XCI, XCII, XCIII, XCIV, XCV, XCVI, XCVII, XCVIII, XCIX, C.

Cifre romane de la 1 la 100

Cifre romane de la 1 la 100

Cifre romane de la 101 la 200

CI, CII, CIII, CIV, CV, CVI, CVII, CVIII, CIX, CX, CXI, CXII, CXIII, CXIV, CXV, CXVI, CXVII, CXVIII, CXIX, CXX, CXXI, CXXII, CXXIII, CXXIV, CXXV, CXXVI, CXXVII, CXXVIII, CXXIX, CXXX, CXXXI, CXXXII, CXXXIII, CXXXIV, CXXXV, CXXXVI, CXXXVII, CXXXVIII, CXXXIX, CXL, CXLI, CXLII, CXLIII, CXLIV, CXLV, CXLVI, CXLVII, CXLVIII, CXLIX, CL, CLI, CLII, CLIII, CLIV, CLV, CLVI, CLVII, CLVIII, CLIX, CLX, CLXI, CLXII, CLXIII, CLXIV, CLXV, CLXVI, CLXVII, CLXVIII, CLXIX, CLXX, CLXXI, CLXXII, CLXXIII, CLXXIV, CLXXV, CLXXVI, CLXXVII, CLXXVIII, CLXXIX, CLXXX, CLXXXI, CLXXXII, CLXXXIII, CLXXXIV, CLXXXV, CLXXXVI, CLXXXVII, CLXXXVIII, CLXXXIX, CXC, CXCI, CXCII, CXCIII, CXCIV, CXCV, CXCVI, CXCVII, CXCVIII, CXCIX, CC.

Cifre romane de la 201 la 300

CCI, CCII, CCIII, CCIV, CCV, CCVI, CCVII, CCVIII, CCIX, CCX, CCXI, CCXII, CCXIII, CCXIV, CCXV, CCXVI, CCXVII, CCXVIII, CCXIX, CCXX, CCXXI, CCXXII, CCXXIII, CCXXIV, CCXXV, CCXXVI, CCXXVII, CCXXVIII, CCXXIX, CCXXX, CCXXXI, CCXXXII, CCXXXIII, CCXXXIV, CCXXXV, CCXXXVI, CCXXXVII, CCXXXVIII, CCXXXIX, CCXL, CCXLI, CCXLII, CCXLIII, CCXLIV, CCXLV, CCXLVI, CCXLVII, CCXLVIII, CCXLIX, CCL, CCLI, CCLII, CCLIII, CCLIV, CCLV, CCLVI, CCLVII, CCLVIII, CCLIX, CCLX, CCLXI, CCLXII, CCLXIII, CCLXIV, CCLXV, CCLXVI, CCLXVII, CCLXVIII, CCLXIX, CCLXX, CCLXXI, CCLXXII, CCLXXIII, CCLXXIV, CCLXXV, CCLXXVI, CCLXXVII, CCLXXVIII, CCLXXIX, CCLXXX, CCLXXXI, CCLXXXII, CCLXXXIII, CCLXXXIV, CCLXXXV, CCLXXXVI, CCLXXXVII, CCLXXXVIII, CCLXXXIX, CCXC, CCXCI, CCXCII, CCXCIII, CCXCIV, CCXCV, CCXCVI, CCXCVII, CCXCVIII, CCXCIX, CCC.

Cifre romane de la 301 la 400

CCCI, CCCII, CCCIII, CCCIV, CCCV, CCCVI, CCCVII, CCCVIII, CCCIX, CCCX, CCCXI, CCCXII, CCCXIII, CCCXIV, CCCXV, CCCXVI, CCCXVII, CCCXVIII, CCCXIX, CCCXX, CCCXXI, CCCXXII, CCCXXIII, CCCXXIV, CCCXXV, CCCXXVI, CCCXXVII, CCCXXVIII, CCCXXIX, CCCXXX, CCCXXXI, CCCXXXII, CCCXXXIII, CCCXXXIV, CCCXXXV, CCCXXXVI, CCCXXXVII, CCCXXXVIII, CCCXXXIX, CCCXL, CCCXLI, CCCXLII, CCCXLIII, CCCXLIV, CCCXLV, CCCXLVI, CCCXLVII, CCCXLVIII, CCCXLIX, CCCL, CCCLI, CCCLII, CCCLIII, CCCLIV, CCCLV, CCCLVI, CCCLVII, CCCLVIII, CCCLIX, CCCLX, CCCLXI, CCCLXII, CCCLXIII, CCCLXIV, CCCLXV, CCCLXVI, CCCLXVII, CCCLXVIII, CCCLXIX, CCCLXX, CCCLXXI, CCCLXXII, CCCLXXIII, CCCLXXIV, CCCLXXV, CCCLXXVI, CCCLXXVII, CCCLXXVIII, CCCLXXIX, CCCLXXX, CCCLXXXI, CCCLXXXII, CCCLXXXIII, CCCLXXXIV, CCCLXXXV, CCCLXXXVI, CCCLXXXVII, CCCLXXXVIII, CCCLXXXIX, CCCXC, CCCXCI, CCCXCII, CCCXCIII, CCCXCIV, CCCXCV, CCCXCVI, CCCXCVII, CCCXCVIII, CCCXCIX, CD.

Cifre romane de la 401 la 500

CDI, CDII, CDIII, CDIV, CDV, CDVI, CDVII, CDVIII, CDIX, CDX, CDXI, CDXII, CDXIII, CDXIV, CDXV, CDXVI, CDXVII, CDXVIII, CDXIX, CDXX, CDXXI, CDXXII, CDXXIII, CDXXIV, CDXXV, CDXXVI, CDXXVII, CDXXVIII, CDXXIX, CDXXX, CDXXXI, CDXXXII, CDXXXIII, CDXXXIV, CDXXXV, CDXXXVI, CDXXXVII, CDXXXVIII, CDXXXIX, CDXL, CDXLI, CDXLII, CDXLIII, CDXLIV, CDXLV, CDXLVI, CDXLVII, CDXLVIII, CDXLIX, CDL, CDLI, CDLII, CDLIII, CDLIV, CDLV, CDLVI, CDLVII, CDLVIII, CDLIX, CDLX, CDLXI, CDLXII, CDLXIII, CDLXIV, CDLXV, CDLXVI, CDLXVII, CDLXVIII, CDLXIX, CDLXX, CDLXXI, CDLXXII, CDLXXIII, CDLXXIV, CDLXXV, CDLXXVI, CDLXXVII, CDLXXVIII, CDLXXIX, CDLXXX, CDLXXXI, CDLXXXII, CDLXXXIII, CDLXXXIV, CDLXXXV, CDLXXXVI, CDLXXXVII, CDLXXXVIII, CDLXXXIX, CDXC, CDXCI, CDXCII, CDXCIII, CDXCIV, CDXCV, CDXCVI, CDXCVII, CDXCVIII, CDXCIX, D

Cifre romane de la 301 la 400

CCCI, CCCII, CCCIII, CCCIV, CCCV, CCCVI, CCCVII, CCCVIII, CCCIX, CCCX, CCCXI, CCCXII, CCCXIII, CCCXIV, CCCXV, CCCXVI, CCCXVII, CCCXVIII, CCCXIX, CCCXX, CCCXXI, CCCXXII, CCCXXIII, CCCXXIV, CCCXXV, CCCXXVI, CCCXXVII, CCCXXVIII, CCCXXIX, CCCXXX, CCCXXXI, CCCXXXII, CCCXXXIII, CCCXXXIV, CCCXXXV, CCCXXXVI, CCCXXXVII, CCCXXXVIII, CCCXXXIX, CCCXL, CCCXLI, CCCXLII, CCCXLIII, CCCXLIV, CCCXLV, CCCXLVI, CCCXLVII, CCCXLVIII, CCCXLIX, CCCL, CCCLI, CCCLII, CCCLIII, CCCLIV, CCCLV, CCCLVI, CCCLVII, CCCLVIII, CCCLIX, CCCLX, CCCLXI, CCCLXII, CCCLXIII, CCCLXIV, CCCLXV, CCCLXVI, CCCLXVII, CCCLXVIII, CCCLXIX, CCCLXX, CCCLXXI, CCCLXXII, CCCLXXIII, CCCLXXIV, CCCLXXV, CCCLXXVI, CCCLXXVII, CCCLXXVIII, CCCLXXIX, CCCLXXX, CCCLXXXI, CCCLXXXII, CCCLXXXIII, CCCLXXXIV, CCCLXXXV, CCCLXXXVI, CCCLXXXVII, CCCLXXXVIII, CCCLXXXIX, CCCXC, CCCXCI, CCCXCII, CCCXCIII, CCCXCIV, CCCXCV, CCCXCVI, CCCXCVII, CCCXCVIII, CCCXCIX, CD.

Cifre romane de la 401 la 500

CDI, CDII, CDIII, CDIV, CDV, CDVI, CDVII, CDVIII, CDIX, CDX, CDXI, CDXII, CDXIII, CDXIV, CDXV, CDXVI, CDXVII, CDXVIII, CDXIX, CDXX, CDXXI, CDXXII, CDXXIII, CDXXIV, CDXXV, CDXXVI, CDXXVII, CDXXVIII, CDXXIX, CDXXX, CDXXXI, CDXXXII, CDXXXIII, CDXXXIV, CDXXXV, CDXXXVI, CDXXXVII, CDXXXVIII, CDXXXIX, CDXL, CDXLI, CDXLII, CDXLIII, CDXLIV, CDXLV, CDXLVI, CDXLVII, CDXLVIII, CDXLIX, CDL, CDLI, CDLII, CDLIII, CDLIV, CDLV, CDLVI, CDLVII, CDLVIII, CDLIX, CDLX, CDLXI, CDLXII, CDLXIII, CDLXIV, CDLXV, CDLXVI, CDLXVII, CDLXVIII, CDLXIX, CDLXX, CDLXXI, CDLXXII, CDLXXIII, CDLXXIV, CDLXXV, CDLXXVI, CDLXXVII, CDLXXVIII, CDLXXIX, CDLXXX, CDLXXXI, CDLXXXII, CDLXXXIII, CDLXXXIV, CDLXXXV, CDLXXXVI, CDLXXXVII, CDLXXXVIII, CDLXXXIX, CDXC, CDXCI, CDXCII, CDXCIII, CDXCIV, CDXCV, CDXCVI, CDXCVII, CDXCVIII, CDXCIX, D.

Cifre romane de la 501 la 600

DI, DII, DIII, DIV, DV, DVI, DVII, DVIII, DIX, DX, DXI, DXII, DXIII, DXIV, DXV, DXVI, DXVII, DXVIII, DXIX, DXX, DXXI, DXXII, DXXIII, DXXIV, DXXV, DXXVI, DXXVII, DXXVIII, DXXIX, DXXX, DXXXI, DXXXII, DXXXIII, DXXXIV, DXXXV, DXXXVI, DXXXVII, DXXXVIII, DXXXIX, DXL, DXLI, DXLII, DXLIII, DXLIV, DXLV, DXLVI, DXLVII, DXLVIII, DXLIX, DL, DLI, DLII, DLIII, DLIV, DLV, DLVI, DLVII, DLVIII, DLIX, DLX, DLXI, DLXII, DLXIII, DLXIV, DLXV, DLXVI, DLXVII, DLXVIII, DLXIX, DLXX, DLXXI, DLXXII, DLXXIII, DLXXIV, DLXXV, DLXXVI, DLXXVII, DLXXVIII, DLXXIX, DLXXX, DLXXXI, DLXXXII, DLXXXIII, DLXXXIV, DLXXXV, DLXXXVI, DLXXXVII, DLXXXVIII, DLXXXIX, DXC, DXCI, DXCII, DXCIII, DXCIV, DXCV, DXCVI, DXCVII, DXCVIII, DXCIX, DC.

Cifre romane de la 601 la 700

DCI, DCII, DCIII, DCIV, DCV, DCVI, DCVII, DCVIII, DCIX, DCX, DCXI, DCXII, DCXIII, DCXIV, DCXV, DCXVI, DCXVII, DCXVIII, DCXIX, DCXX, DCXXI, DCXXII, DCXXIII, DCXXIV, DCXXV, DCXXVI, DCXXVII, DCXXVIII, DCXXIX, DCXXX, DCXXXI, DCXXXII, DCXXXIII, DCXXXIV, DCXXXV, DCXXXVI, DCXXXVII, DCXXXVIII, DCXXXIX, DCXL, DCXLI, DCXLII, DCXLIII, DCXLIV, DCXLV, DCXLVI, DCXLVII, DCXLVIII, DCXLIX, DCL, DCLI, DCLII, DCLIII, DCLIV, DCLV, DCLVI, DCLVII, DCLVIII, DCLIX, DCLX, DCLXI, DCLXII, DCLXIII, DCLXIV, DCLXV, DCLXVI, DCLXVII, DCLXVIII, DCLXIX, DCLXX, DCLXXI, DCLXXII, DCLXXIII, DCLXXIV, DCLXXV, DCLXXVI, DCLXXVII, DCLXXVIII, DCLXXIX, DCLXXX, DCLXXXI, DCLXXXII, DCLXXXIII, DCLXXXIV, DCLXXXV, DCLXXXVI, DCLXXXVII, DCLXXXVIII, DCLXXXIX, DCXC, DCXCI, DCXCII, DCXCIII, DCXCIV, DCXCV, DCXCVI, DCXCVII, DCXCVIII, DCXCIX, DCC.

Cifre romane de la 701 la 800

DCCI, DCCII, DCCIII, DCCIV, DCCV, DCCVI, DCCVII, DCCVIII, DCCIX, DCCX, DCCXI, DCCXII, DCCXIII, DCCXIV, DCCXV, DCCXVI, DCCXVII, DCCXVIII, DCCXIX, DCCXX, DCCXXI, DCCXXII, DCCXXIII, DCCXXIV, DCCXXV, DCCXXVI, DCCXXVII, DCCXXVIII, DCCXXIX, DCCXXX, DCCXXXI, DCCXXXII, DCCXXXIII, DCCXXXIV, DCCXXXV, DCCXXXVI, DCCXXXVII, DCCXXXVIII, DCCXXXIX, DCCXL, DCCXLI, DCCXLII, DCCXLIII, DCCXLIV, DCCXLV, DCCXLVI, DCCXLVII, DCCXLVIII, DCCXLIX, DCCL, DCCLI, DCCLII, DCCLIII, DCCLIV, DCCLV, DCCLVI, DCCLVII, DCCLVIII, DCCLIX, DCCLX, DCCLXI, DCCLXII, DCCLXIII, DCCLXIV, DCCLXV, DCCLXVI, DCCLXVII, DCCLXVIII, DCCLXIX, DCCLXX, DCCLXXI, DCCLXXII, DCCLXXIII, DCCLXXIV, DCCLXXV, DCCLXXVI, DCCLXXVII, DCCLXXVIII, DCCLXXIX, DCCLXXX, DCCLXXXI, DCCLXXXII, DCCLXXXIII, DCCLXXXIV, DCCLXXXV, DCCLXXXVI, DCCLXXXVII, DCCLXXXVIII, DCCLXXXIX, DCCXC, DCCXCI, DCCXCII, DCCXCIII, DCCXCIV, DCCXCV, DCCXCVI, DCCXCVII, DCCXCVIII, DCCXCIX, DCCC.

Cifre romane de la 801 la 900

DCCCI, DCCCII, DCCCIII, DCCCIV, DCCCV, DCCCVI, DCCCVII, DCCCVIII, DCCCIX, DCCCX, DCCCXI, DCCCXII, DCCCXIII, DCCCXIV, DCCCXV, DCCCXVI, DCCCXVII, DCCCXVIII, DCCCXIX, DCCCXX, DCCCXXI, DCCCXXII, DCCCXXIII, DCCCXXIV, DCCCXXV, DCCCXXVI, DCCCXXVII, DCCCXXVIII, DCCCXXIX, DCCCXXX, DCCCXXXI, DCCCXXXII, DCCCXXXIII, DCCCXXXIV, DCCCXXXV, DCCCXXXVI, DCCCXXXVII, DCCCXXXVIII, DCCCXXXIX, DCCCXL, DCCCXLI, DCCCXLII, DCCCXLIII, DCCCXLIV, DCCCXLV, DCCCXLVI, DCCCXLVII, DCCCXLVIII, DCCCXLIX, DCCCL, DCCCLI, DCCCLII, DCCCLIII, DCCCLIV, DCCCLV, DCCCLVI, DCCCLVII, DCCCLVIII, DCCCLIX, DCCCLX, DCCCLXI, DCCCLXII, DCCCLXIII, DCCCLXIV, DCCCLXV, DCCCLXVI, DCCCLXVII, DCCCLXVIII, DCCCLXIX, DCCCLXX, DCCCLXXI, DCCCLXXII, DCCCLXXIII, DCCCLXXIV, DCCCLXXV, DCCCLXXVI, DCCCLXXVII, DCCCLXXVIII, DCCCLXXIX, DCCCLXXX, DCCCLXXXI, DCCCLXXXII, DCCCLXXXIII, DCCCLXXXIV, DCCCLXXXV, DCCCLXXXVI, DCCCLXXXVII, DCCCLXXXVIII, DCCCLXXXIX, DCCCXC, DCCCXCI, DCCCXCII, DCCCXCIII, DCCCXCIV, DCCCXCV, DCCCXCVI, DCCCXCVII, DCCCXCVIII, DCCCXCIX, CM.

Cifre romane de la 901 la 1000

CMI, CMII, CMIII, CMIV, CMV, CMVI, CMVII, CMVIII, CMIX, CMX, CMXI, CMXII, CMXIII, CMXIV, CMXV, CMXVI, CMXVII, CMXVIII, CMXIX, CMXX, CMXXI, CMXXII, CMXXIII, CMXXIV, CMXXV, CMXXVI, CMXXVII, CMXXVIII, CMXXIX, CMXXX, CMXXXI, CMXXXII, CMXXXIII, CMXXXIV, CMXXXV, CMXXXVI, CMXXXVII, CMXXXVIII, CMXXXIX, CMXL, CMXLI, CMXLII, CMXLIII, CMXLIV, CMXLV, CMXLVI, CMXLVII, CMXLVIII, CMXLIX, CML, CMLI, CMLII, CMLIII, CMLIV, CMLV, CMLVI, CMLVII, CMLVIII, CMLIX, CMLX, CMLXI, CMLXII, CMLXIII, CMLXIV, CMLXV, CMLXVI, CMLXVII, CMLXVIII, CMLXIX, CMLXX, CMLXXI, CMLXXII, CMLXXIII, CMLXXIV, CMLXXV, CMLXXVI, CMLXXVII, CMLXXVIII, CMLXXIX, CMLXXX, CMLXXXI, CMLXXXII, CMLXXXIII, CMLXXXIV, CMLXXXV, CMLXXXVI, CMLXXXVII, CMLXXXVIII, CMLXXXIX, CMXC, CMXCI, CMXCII, CMXCIII, CMXCIV, CMXCV, CMXCVI, CMXCVII, CMXCVIII, CMXCIX, M.

Cum se scriu cifre mai mari de 1000

Cifre romane până la 10.000

Cifre romane până la 10.000

Cifrele mai mari de 1000 se scriu cu o linie deasupra (o bară deasupra) sau între două linii verticale. Totuși, în prezent, se folosește adesea paranteza, pentru a nu fi confuzii. Adică, în loc de  |V| se scrie  (V).

|V| = 5.000 (cinci mii)
|X| = 10.000 (zece mii)
|L| = 50.000 (cincizeci de mii)
|C| = 100.000 (o sută de mii).
|D| = 500.000 (cinci sute de mii)
|M| = 1.000.000 (un milion)

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